Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
On Dec. 7, 1941, “a date which will live in infamy,” 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes took off in two waves from six aircraft carriers and headed to the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Their attack on Pearl Harbor surprised the Americans. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed, 2,402 Americans were killed, and 1,282 wounded. The following day, President Franklin Roosevelt delivered his “Infamy Speech,” and an hour later the United States declared war upon the Empire of Japan, officially entering into World War II.
Pearl Harbor, known to Hawaiians as Puʻuloa, is still in full use today and remains the homeport of the US Pacific Fleet. It is also home to the USS Arizona Memorial, the USS Bowfin submarine museum, and the USS Missouri ship museum, which visitors can tour.